عنوان مقاله [English]
Self-knowledge as an educational method At first glance, the concept seems obvious. But the concept faces challenges in meaning. That is, precision in the sense of self is not a unified understanding of it and this can cause problems in practice in education. The purpose of this article is to analyze the concept of self as one of the basic methods of education in order to eliminate semantic challenges and create semantic unity in it. Conceptual analysis was used for this purpose. The results showed that with the common semantic elements that exist between different definitions and understandings of self, one can significantly achieve the semantic inconsistencies of this concept. Accordingly, three types of self-knowledge based on one's inner perceptions, one's outer perceptions, and one's inner and outer common perceptions were identified. In this way three types of self-knowledge separated into three relationships between: I and I, I and other, and I and other thing. Then it turned out that in all types of self, there are four essential elements: identifying agent, need for self, source of need, and interaction. It also turned out that there were always obstacles in self-knowledge such as intellectual disabilities, cognitive disabilities, distance between beliefs and practices and wrong living habits. Given the aforementioned elements, relationships, and barriers, a redefinition of self-knowledge has emerged that seems to be more comprehensive and precarious. The above definition will facilitate the transparency of the instructional work of educators in using self-knowledge.