رابطه بین خلّاقیت و راهبردهای مقابله با استرس با بازیگوشی در دانشجویان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای مشاوره دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی

2 کارشناسی ارشد مشاوره مدرسه دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

3 کارشناسی ارشد مشاوره خانواده دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی

4 دانشجوی دکترای روان‌شناسی تربیتی دانشگاه تبریز

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی رابطۀ بین خلّاقیت و راهبردهای مقابله با استرس با بازیگوشی در دانشجویان بود. جامعۀ آماری دانشجویان دانشگاه اصفهان بودند که به شیوۀ تصادفی طبقه‌ای 310 نفر به عنوان نمونه انتخاب شد. برای جمع‌آوری داده‌ها از پرسشنامه‌‌های راهبردهای مقابله با استرس، خلّاقیت‌ عابدی و بازیگوشی استفاده شد. به‌منظور تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌‌‌ها از روش همبستگی و رگرسیون و نرم‌افزارهای Amos و spss استفاده شد. بر طبق نتایج تحلیل، راهبردهای مقابله‌ای مسئله‌مدار و هیجان‌مدار در سطح 01/0 و راهبرد مقابله‌ای اجتنابی در سطح 05/0 به پیش‌بینی بازیگوشی قادر بوده است. در مجموع راهبردهای مقابله‌ای 46% از واریانس بازیگوشی را تبیین می‌کنند. به علاوه بازیگوشی با خلّاقیت رابطۀ مثبت معناداری در سطح 01/0>P دارد. همچنین بازیگوشی با ابعاد سیالی، ابتکار، انعطاف‌پذیری و بسط رابطۀ مثبت معنادار دارد. خلّاقیّت نیز با ابعاد بازیگوشی رابطۀ مثبت معنادار دارد. خلّاقیت با بعد استقلال رابطۀ مثبت معناداری نشان نداد، به‌طور کلی افرادی که اهل‌تفریح و بازیگوشی هستند، کم‌تر احتمال دارد که استرس را تجربه کنند. همچنین افراد بازگوش به احتمال زیاد خلّاق‌تر هستند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Relationship of Creativity and Stress Coping Strategies with Playfulness in University Students

نویسندگان [English]

  • hadis cheraghian 1
  • Naser heidari 2
  • Nazanin Aria 3
  • atefe amraie 4
4 Tabriz university
چکیده [English]

 
The aim of this research was to study the relationship between creativity and coping strategies of stress, and playfulness in university students. The population of the study composed of all students of Isfahan University, out of which 310 students were chosen using stratified random sampling. For the purpose of data collection, three questionnaires of coping strategies of stress (CISS), creativity (Abedi, 1372) and playfulness (APS) were used. To analyze the data, correlation and regression analyses were conducted using SPSS and Amos software. The results indicated that problem-focused and emotion-focused coping strategies (p<0.01) and avoidance coping strategies (p<0.05) were able to predict playfulness. In general, coping strategies could explain 46% of variance in playfulness. It was notable that playfulness had a positive relationship with creativity, fluidity, innovation, flexibility and expansion. Furthermore, creativity had a positive relationship with playfulness dimensions such as audacity, precision, sociability, fun, activeness, and energy (p<0.01). However, it didn’t have any positive relationship with independency dimension. In conclusion, the present research indicated that people who have playfulness and fun, experience stress less than others. Also, playful people seem to be more creative than other.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Playfulness
  • Creativity
  • Stress coping strategies
  • university students

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